Triglyceride/HDL cholesterol ratio and lipoprotein insulin resistance Score: Associations with subclinical atherosclerosis and incident cardiovascular disease

José L Flores-Guerrero, Riemer A Been, Irina Shalaurova, Margery A Connelly, Peter R van Dijk*, Robin P F Dullaart

*Bijbehorende auteur voor dit werk

    OnderzoeksoutputAcademicpeer review

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    BACKGROUND: The triglyceride/HDL cholesterol (TG/HDL-C) ratio and the Lipoprotein Insulin Resistance (LP-IR) score are lipid markers of insulin resistance. Their associations with carotid intima media thickness (cIMT; subclinical atherosclerosis) and incident cardiovascular disease (CVD) have not been thoroughly investigated.

    METHODS: In a cross-sectional cohort (89 subjects without type 2 diabetes (T2D) and 81 subjects with T2D we determined cIMT (ultrasound), homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) and the TG/HDL-C ratio. The LP-IR score, based on 6 lipoprotein characteristics determined by nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, was measured in 123 participants. A prospective study was carried out among 6232 participants (Prevention of REnal and Vascular ENd-stage Disease study).

    RESULTS: Cross-sectionally, the adjusted associations of HOMA-IR, the TG/HDL-C ratio and the LP-IR score with cIMT were approximately similar (standardized β = 0.34 (95 % CI 0.19-0.48), 0.24 (95 % CI 0.09-039) and 0.41 (95 % CI 0.23--0.59), respectively). Prospectively, 507 new cases of CVD were observed after a median follow-up of 8.2 (interquartile range 7.5-8.8) years. HOMA-IR, the TG/HDL-C ratio and LP-IR were each associated with incident CVD independent of potential confounders (HR 1.12, 95 % CI 1.02-1.24;1.22, 95 % CI 1.11-1.35 and 1.15. 95 % CI 1.01-1.31, respectively). The association of the TG/HDL-C ratio with incident CVD was somewhat stronger than that of HOMA-IR.

    CONCLUSION: Lipoprotein-based markers of insulin resistance are at least as strongly associated with subclinical atherosclerosis and clinical atherosclerosis development as HOMA-IR, obviating the need to measure insulin to determine the impact of insulin resistance. For practical purposes, the easily obtainable TG/HDL-C ratio may suffice.

    Originele taal-2English
    Aantal pagina's9
    TijdschriftClinica chimica acta
    Vroegere onlinedatum22-dec.-2023
    StatusPublished - 15-jan.-2024

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