Trio-based whole exome sequencing in patients with suspected sporadic inborn errors of immunity: A retrospective cohort study

Anne Hebert, Annet Simons, Janneke H.M. Schuurs-Hoeijmakers, Hans J.P.M. Koenen, Evelien Zonneveld-Huijssoon, Stefanie S.V. Henriet, Ellen J.H. Schatorjé, Esther P.A.H. Hoppenreijs, Erika K.S.M. Leenders, Etienne J.M. Janssen, Gijs W.E. Santen, Sonja A. de Munnik, Simon V. van Reijmersdal, Esther van Rijssen, Simone Kersten, Mihai G. Netea, Ruben L. Smeets, Frank L. van de Veerdonk, Alexander Hoischen*, Caspar I. van der Made

*Bijbehorende auteur voor dit werk

    OnderzoeksoutputAcademicpeer review

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    Background: De novo variants (DNVs) are currently not routinely evaluated as part of diagnostic whole exome sequencing (WES) analysis in patients with suspected inborn errors of immunity (IEI).

    Methods: This study explored the potential added value of systematic assessment of DNVs in a retrospective cohort of 123 patients with a suspected sporadic IEI that underwent patient-parent trio-based WES.

    Results: A (likely) molecular diagnosis for (part) of the immunological phenotype was achieved in 12 patients with the diagnostic in silico IEI WES gene panel. Systematic evaluation of rare, non-synonymous DNVs in coding or splice site regions led to the identification of 14 candidate DNVs in genes with an annotated immune function. DNVs were found in IEI genes (NLRP3 and RELA) and in potentially novel candidate genes, including PSMB10, DDX1, KMT2C, and FBXW11. The FBXW11 canonical splice site DNV was shown to lead to defective RNA splicing, increased NF-κB p65 signalling, and elevated IL-1β production in primary immune cells extracted from the patient with autoinflammatory disease.

    Conclusions: Our findings in this retrospective cohort study advocate the implementation of trio-based sequencing in routine diagnostics of patients with sporadic IEI. Furthermore, we provide functional evidence supporting a causal role for FBXW11 loss-of-function mutations in autoinflammatory disease.

    Originele taal-2English
    Aantal pagina's24
    StatusPublished - 17-okt.-2022

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