Two cooperative binding sites sensitize PI(4,5)P2 recognition by the tubby domain

Veronika Thallmair, Lea Schultz, Wencai Zhao, Siewert J Marrink, Dominik Oliver*, Sebastian Thallmair*

*Bijbehorende auteur voor dit werk

Onderzoeksoutput: ArticleAcademicpeer review

5 Citaten (Scopus)
35 Downloads (Pure)


Phosphoinositides (PIs) are lipid signaling molecules that operate by recruiting proteins to cellular membranes via PI recognition domains. The dominant PI of the plasma membrane is phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate [PI(4,5)P2]. One of only two PI(4,5)P2 recognition domains characterized in detail is the tubby domain. It is essential for targeting proteins into cilia involving reversible membrane association. However, the PI(4,5)P2 binding properties of tubby domains have remained enigmatic. Here, we used coarse-grained molecular dynamics simulations to explore PI(4,5)P2 binding by the prototypic tubby domain. The comparatively low PI(4,5)P2 affinity of the previously described canonical binding site is underpinned in a cooperative manner by a previously unknown, adjacent second binding site. Mutations in the previously unknown site impaired PI(4,5)P2-dependent plasma membrane localization in living cells and PI(4,5)P2 interaction in silico, emphasizing its importance for PI(4,5)P2 affinity. The two-ligand binding mode may serve to sharpen the membrane association-dissociation cycle of tubby-like proteins that underlies delivery of ciliary cargo.

Originele taal-2English
Aantal pagina's12
TijdschriftScience Advances
Nummer van het tijdschrift36
StatusPublished - 9-sep.-2022

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