Dyslexics have problems with categorization of speech sounds, in particular when rapid temporal processing is involved such as in formant transitions of stop-consonants. Infants are already sensitive to such auditory features, but here we show that precursors of impaired categorization are already present in the brain responses of two-month-old infants at familial risk for dyslexia. Natural speech stimuli (/bAk/ and /dAk/), at either side of the phoneme boundary, induced multiple mismatch responses in control infants tinder pre-attentive and pre-cognitive conditions. Infants at-risk showed an attenuated early mismatch response and an absent late one, in addition to diminished cortical activity in the left hemisphere. These results are consistent with a temporal processing deficit in the infants at risk and may point to an early precursor of the disorder. (C) 2007 Published by Elsevier Ltd.
|Tijdschrift||Journal of Neurolinguistics|
|Nummer van het tijdschrift||4|
|Status||Published - jul.-2008|