Proton-pump inhibitors (PPIs) have been associated with iron deficiency (ID) in kidney transplant recipients (KTRs). Gastric acid plays a pivotal role in the intestinal absorption of non-heme iron, but the pharmacodynamics of PPIs differ in potency of acid suppression. We hypothesized that the risk of ID might be lower in KTRs using a less potent PPI. In a cohort of 724 KTRs from the TransplantLines Biobank and Cohort Study(NCT03272841), PPI use was associated with ID (odds ratio [OR] 2.02; 95% CI 1.36-2.98). Compared to no PPI use, the point estimate of the odds ratio for risk of ID for pantoprazole (OR 1.55; 95%CI 0.78-3.10) was lower than for esomeprazole and omeprazole (3.58; 95%CI 1.73-7.40 and 1.96; 95%CI 1.31-2.94, respectively). When comparing pantoprazole users with omeprazole users on an equipotent dose (≤20 omeprazole equivalents (OE)/day) omeprazole, but not pantoprazole was associated with ID, although the lack of a significant effect of pantoprazole on the risk of ID could be due to a lack of power. Furthermore, risk of ID was higher among users of a high PPI dose (≥ 20 OE/day) and OE as continuous variable was also independently associated with ID, indicating that risk of ID is higher while using a more potent PPI. Further investigation seems warranted to confirm whether pantoprazole leads to less ID in KTRs.

Originele taal-2English
Pagina's (van-tot) 2305-2316
Aantal pagina's12
TijdschriftTransplant International
Nummer van het tijdschrift11
Vroegere onlinedatum14-sep-2021
StatusPublished - nov-2021

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