Ultra-high-definition (22 MHz) ultrasound of the ulnar nerve: additional value and normative data

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We studied 30 healthy volunteers (60 arms), categorized into three age groups with equal numbers to verify if a 22 MHz compared with a 15 MHz ultrasound transducer has additional value for studying the intraneural architecture of the ulnar nerve throughout its course. At six sites, there were no differences in cross-sectional area measurements between the two transducers. With both, the cross-sectional area was significantly larger at the medial epicondyle compared with the other sites and smaller at the mid-forearm and Guyon’s canal compared with the mid-upper arm. With higher age the cross-sectional area significantly increased. Significantly more fascicles were visible distal to the medial epicondyle compared with more proximal sites, as well as in men compared with women. Finally, higher body weight was related to a significantly smaller number of fascicles being seen. A 22 MHz transducer depicts more details of the intraneural architecture than a 15 MHz transducer. Our data can be used as normative data or reference values in analysing ulnar nerve pathology.

Level of evidence: II
Originele taal-2English
TijdschriftJournal of Hand Surgery (European volume)
StatusE-pub ahead of print - 1-mei-2023

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