Understanding the Surprising Oxidation Chemistry of Au−OH Complexes

Silène Engbers, Johannes E. M. N. Klein*

*Corresponding author voor dit werk

OnderzoeksoutputAcademicpeer review

2 Citaten (Scopus)
54 Downloads (Pure)


Au is known to be fairly redox inactive (in catalysis) and bind oxygen adducts only quite weakly. It is thus rather surprising that stable Au−OH complexes can be synthesized and used as oxidants for both one- and two-electron oxidations. A charged AuIII−OH complex has been shown to cleave C−H and O−H bonds homolytically, resulting in a one-electron reduction of the metal center. Contrasting this, a neutral AuIII−OH complex performs oxygen atom transfer to phosphines, resulting in a two-electron reduction of the hydroxide proton to form a AuIII−H rather than causing a change in oxidation state of the metal. We explore the details of these two examples and draw comparisons to the more conventional reactivity exhibited by AuI−OH. Although the current scope of known Au−OH oxidation chemistry is still in its infancy, the current literature exemplifies the unique properties of Au chemistry and shows promise for future findings in the field.

Originele taal-2English
Aantal pagina's5
Nummer van het tijdschrift1
StatusPublished - 3-jan.-2023


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