Vaccines and Allergic reactions: The past, the current COVID-19 pandemic, and future perspectives

Vanitha Sampath, Grace Rabinowitz, Mihir Shah, Surabhi Jain, Zuzana Diamant, Milos Jesenak, Ronald Rabin, Stefan Vieths, Ioana Agache, Mubeccel Akdis, Domingo Barber, Heimo Breiteneder, Sharon Chinthrajah, Tomas Chivato, William Collins, Thomas Eiwegger, Katharine Fast, Wytske Fokkens, Robyn E. O'Hehir, Markus OllertLiam O'Mahony, Oscar Palomares, Oliver Pfaar, Carmen Riggioni, Mohamed H. Shamji, Milena Sokolowska, Maria Jose Torres, Claudia Traidl-Hoffmann, Menno van Zelm, De Yun Wang, Luo Zhang, Cezmi A. Akdis, Kari C. Nadeau*

*Bijbehorende auteur voor dit werk

    OnderzoeksoutputAcademicpeer review

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    Vaccines are essential public health tools with a favorable safety profile and prophylactic effectiveness that have historically played significant roles in reducing infectious disease burden in populations, when the majority of individuals are vaccinated. The COVID-19 vaccines are expected to have similar positive impacts on health across the globe. While serious allergic reactions to vaccines are rare, their underlying mechanisms and implications for clinical management should be considered to provide individuals with the safest care possible. In this review, we provide an overview of different types of allergic adverse reactions that can potentially occur after vaccination and individual vaccine components capable of causing the allergic adverse reactions. We present the incidence of allergic adverse reactions during clinical studies and through post-authorization and post-marketing surveillance and provide plausible causes of these reactions based on potential allergenic components present in several common vaccines. Additionally, we review implications for individual diagnosis and management and vaccine manufacturing overall. Finally, we suggest areas for future research.

    Originele taal-2English
    Pagina's (van-tot)1640-1660
    Aantal pagina's21
    TijdschriftAllergy
    Volume76
    Nummer van het tijdschrift6
    Vroegere onlinedatum2-apr-2021
    DOI's
    StatusPublished - jun-2021

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