Vasopressin immunoreactivity, but not vasoactive intestinal polypeptide, correlates with expression of circadian rhythmicity in the suprachiasmatic nucleus of voles

Koen Jansen*, Eddy A. van der Zee, Menno P. Gerkema

*Bijbehorende auteur voor dit werk

OnderzoeksoutputAcademicpeer review

12 Citaten (Scopus)
182 Downloads (Pure)


In common voles (Microtus arvalis), natural variation in locomotor behavior can be exploited to study the mechanism of pacemaker control over circadian timing of behavior. Here we studied daily patterns in numbers of neuropeptide immunoreactive suprachiasmatic nucleus neurons in rhythmic, weakly rhythmic, and non-rhythmic voles. Circadian rhythmic voles showed circadian variation in numbers of vasoactive intestinal polypeptide and vasopressin immunoreactive suprachiasmatic nucleus neurons with a peak at zeitgeber time 0. In contrast, voles with weak or no circadian rhythmicity exhibited similar fluctuations for vasoactive intestinal polypeptide, but a continuous, non-rhythmic high profile for vasopressin. Vole suprachiasmatic nucleus neurons do not produce somatostatin or substance P. We conclude that the vasopressin system in the common vole suprachiasmatic nucleus acts as a principal correlate with expression of circadian behavior, in contrast to vasoactive intestinal polypeptide, somatostatin, and substance P. We also conclude that high levels of vasopressin immunoreactivity in the non-rhythmic vole suprachiasmatic nucleus is in line with previously demonstrated hampered release, probably resulting in vasopressin accumulation in the suprachiasmatic nucleus. Vasopressin could be a candidate in mediating output of the vole circadian clock, leading to circadian expression of locomotor behavior. (C) 2007 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Originele taal-2English
Pagina's (van-tot)207-216
Aantal pagina's10
Nummer van het tijdschrift4
StatusPublished - aug-2007

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