Instruction/Aims: It is unknown whether variability in the triglyceride-glucose index (TyG-index) is associated with the risk of diabetes. Here, we sought to characterize the relationship between TyG-index variability and incident diabetes. Methods: We performed a prospective study of 48,013 participants in the Kailuan Study who did not have diabetes. The TyG-index was calculated as ln [triglyceride (TG, mg/dL) concentration × fasting blood glucose concentration (FBG, mg/dL)/2]. The TyG-index variability was assessed using the standard deviation (SD) of three TyG-index values that were calculated during 2006/07, 2008/09, and 2010/11. We used the Cox proportional hazard models to analyze the effect of TyG-index variability on incident diabetes. Results: A total of 4,055 participants were newly diagnosed with diabetes during the study period of 8.95 years (95% confidence interval (CI) 8.48–9.29 years). After adjustment for confounding factors, participants in the highest and second-highest quartiles had significantly higher risks of new-onset diabetes versus the lowest quartile, with hazard ratios (95% CIs) of 1.18 (1.08–1.29) and 1.13 (1.03–1.24), respectively (P trend< 0.05). These higher risks remained after further adjustment for the baseline TyG-index. Conclusions: A substantial fluctuation in TyG-index is associated with a higher risk of diabetes in the Chinese population, implying that it is important to maintain a normal and consistent TyG-index.
|Tijdschrift||Frontiers in endocrinology|
|Status||Published - 2-dec.-2022|