Who cares? The effect of gender and context on the self and moral reasoning

Michelle K. Ryan*, Barbara David, Katherine J. Reynolds

*Bijbehorende auteur voor dit werk

Onderzoeksoutput: Review articlepeer review

34 Citaten (Scopus)


Theorists suggest that gender differences in moral reasoning are due to differences in the self-concept, with women feeling connected to others and using a care approach, whereas men feel separate from others and adopt a justice approach. Using a self-categorization analysis, the current research suggests that the nature of the self-other relationship, rather than gender, predicts moral reasoning. Study 1 found moral reasoning to be dependent upon the social distance between the self and others, with a care-based approach more likely when interacting with a friend than a stranger. Study 2 suggests that when individuals see others as ingroup members they are more likely to utilize care-based moral reasoning than when others are seen as outgroup members. Further, traditional gender differences in moral reasoning were found only when gender was made salient. These studies suggest that both the self and moral reasoning are better conceptualized as fluid and context dependent.

Originele taal-2English
Pagina's (van-tot)246-255
Aantal pagina's10
TijdschriftPsychology of Women Quarterly
Nummer van het tijdschrift3
StatusPublished - sep.-2004
Extern gepubliceerdJa

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