Why mothers die: Analysis of verbal autopsy data from Kersa Health and Demographic Surveillance System, Eastern Ethiopia

Merga Dheresa, Tesfaye Assebe Yadeta, Tariku Dingeta, Hirbo Shore, Yadeta Dessie, Gamachis Daraje, Abera Kenay Tura*

*Bijbehorende auteur voor dit werk

    Onderzoeksoutput: ArticleAcademicpeer review


    Background Despite registering tremendous improvement as part of the Mil-lennium Development Goals, Ethiopia has still one of the highest numbers of maternal mortality. Although maternal mortality is one of the commonest in-dicators for comparison or measuring progress, its measurement remained a challenge. In a situation where, vital registration is not in place and only few women gave birth in facilities, alternative data sources from population-based surveys are essential to describe maternal deaths. In this paper, we reported estimates of maternal mortality and causes in a predominantly rural setting in eastern Ethiopia. Methods Data were used from the ongoing prospective open cohort of Kersa Health and Demographic Surveillance System (HDSS), located in eastern Ethi-opia. At enrolment, detailed sociodemographic and household conditions were recorded for every member, followed by household visit every six months to identify any vital events: births, deaths, and migration. Whenever a death was reported, additional information about the deceased ??? age, sex, pregnancy sta-tus, and perceived cause of deaths ??? were collected through interview of the closest family member(s). Then, the probable cause of death was assigned us-ing an automated verbal autopsy system (InterVA). In this paper, we included all deaths among women during pregnancy, childbirth or within 42 days of termination of pregnancy. To describe the trends, we calculated annual ma-ternal mortality ratio (MMR) along with their 95% Confidence Interval (CI). Results From 2008 to 2019, a total of 32 680 live births and 720 deaths among reproductive age women were registered. Of the 720 deaths, 158 (21.9%) were during pregnancy or within 42 days of termination of pregnancy, cor-responding with an MMR of 484 per 100 000 live births. The three leading causes of deaths were pregnancy related sepsis, obstetric haemorrhage and anaemia of pregnancy. There was non-significant reduction in the MMR from 744 in 2008 to 665 in 2019, with three lowest ratios recorded in 2013 (172 per 100 000 live births), 2009 (280 per 100 000 live births) and 2016 (285 per 100 000 live births). Conclusions There was no significant decrement of MMR during the study period. Most deaths occurred at home from pregnancy related sepsis and hae-morrhage implicating the unfinished agenda of ensuring skilled delivery and appropriate postnatal management.

    Originele taal-2English
    Aantal pagina's6
    TijdschriftJournal of global health
    StatusPublished - 22-jul.-2022

    Citeer dit